Official name
Form of government
Head of State
Klaus Iohannis
Prime Minister
Ion-Marcel Ciolacu
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Luminita Odobescu
Date of establishment of bilateral relations
In April 1879

Political relations

Republic of Serbia and Romania have an intensive bilateral political dialogue, based on a long tradition of diplomatic relations between the two countries. Back in 1836, the Principality of Serbia opened its first diplomatic mission, called the Princely-Serbian Diplomatic Agency, in Bucharest. In addition, the Alliance Agreement between Republic of Serbia and Romania, concluded in early 1868, is one of the first international bilateral agreements concluded by modern Serbia. The Republic of Serbia was visited in 2018 by the then Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania, Teodor Melescanu. Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia, Nikola Selaković, made an official visit to Romania in June 2022. President of the Republic of Serbia, Aleksandar Vučić made an official visit to Romania in 2018.

Economic relations

Economic cooperation between the Republic of Serbia and Romania is mostly based on commodity trade, which recorded a continuous increase until the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic. In terms of total exchange, Romania ranks seventh on the list of foreign trade partners of the Republic of Serbia.

In 2021, the total commodity trade with Romania amounted to 2.03 billion euros. For the third year in a row, exports amounted to over one billion euros in 2021. a record 1.19 billion euros, which is an increase of 7.2% compared to 2020, while imports amounted to 845.3 million euros and was 17.4% less compared to 2020. In 2021 Romania was in seventh place in the exchange of Republic of Serbia with the world and our fourth export destination.

The volume of total investments of Romania in the Republic of Serbia in the past was of a more modest scope, and, according to the data from the NBS, in the period from 2010 to 2021, total net investments amounted to 173, 1 million euros. In 2021, a net investments amounted to 21.2 million euros.


Bilateral agreements 

Republic of Serbia and Romania have signed 131 bilateral agreements, and we highlight the following:

Trade Agreement between the FPRY and the Romanian People's Republic, signed on 27 October 1956

Consular Convention between the SFRY and SR Romania, signed on 24 January 1974

Treaty of Friendship, Good-Neighbourliness and Cooperation between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Romania, signed on 16 May 1996

Agreement between the Federal Government of the FRY and the Government of Romania on Cooperation in the Field of National Minority Protection, signed on 4 November 2002

Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Serbia and the Government of Romania on Cooperation in Combating Organized Crime, International Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and International Terrorism, signed on 5 July 2007


Contact information

Embassy of the Republic of Serbia in Bucharest

Embassy of Romania in Belgrade 

Department for Neighbouring Countries and SEE, tel. 00 381 (0) 11 30 68 280, e-mail: